Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2009 Nov;29(11):2930-3.
[Comparative study of reflectance spectroscopy of human laogong acupoint and non-acupoint tissues irradiated by near-infrared laser].
[Article in Chinese]
Zhang ZD1, Guo ZY, Wei HJ, Liu HP, Zhong HQ, Yang HQ, Xie SS.
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Abstract
Characteristics and differences of reflectance spectroscopy of human Laogong acupoint and non-acupoint tissues before and after irradiation by different power of laser were studied in the spectral range from 400 to 1 000 nm. A wavelength 808 nm semiconductor laser was used for irradiation at the power of 20, 50 and 100 mW for ten minutes. Reflectance spectra of human Laogong acupoint and non-acupoint tissues were measured by using an AvaSpec-2048 optical fiber spectroscopy with an integrating sphere attachment. The result shows that before irradiation the shape of the reflectance spectra of Laogong acupoint and non-acupoint is similar, they have the same troughs at 423, 544, 577 and 980 nm, and the reflectance for Laogong acupoint and non-acupoint at these wavelengths is 17.1%, 26.1%, 25.9% and 35.0%, and 17.1%, 27.6%, 28.1% and 36.5% respectively. But from 475 to 1 000 nm, the reflectance of Laogong acupoint is smaller than that of non-acupoint. After being irradiated by semiconductor laser at the power of 20, 50 and 100 mW, there is a very significant decrease in the reflectance of Laogong acupoint compared to that before irradiation, and the higher the power, the lower the reflectance. But there is just a small decrease in the reflectance for non-acupoint compared to that before irradiation. From the above results, it is clearly seen that Laogong acupoint is different from non-acupoint on reflectance spectroscopy, and Laogong acupoint is more sensitive to laser irradiation than non-acupoint tissue.



Am J Chin Med. 2014 Nov 11:1-14. [Epub ahead of print]
Analgesic Effect of Manual Acupuncture and Laser Acupuncture for Lateral Epicondylalgia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Chang WD1, Lai PT, Tsou YA.
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Abstract
Lateral epicondylalgia is a common orthopedic disorder. In traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture is often used for treating lateral epicondylalgia. Laser acupuncture, compared with manual acupuncture, has more advantages because it is painless, aseptic and safe. However, the analgesic effect of manual acupuncture and laser acupuncture on lateral epicondylalgia has rarely been explored. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the analgesic effect of laser acupuncture and manual acupuncture for the treatment of lateral epicondylalgia. We investigated studies published in the Medline, PubMed, and CINAHL databases from January 1980 to December 2013. This review included 9 randomized articles. Six of them examined manual acupuncture and the others focused on laser acupuncture. We analyzed the meta-analysis results regarding the analgesic effect of the treatment, and observed substantial differences in 4 articles related to manual acupuncture. Manual acupuncture is effective in short-term pain relief for the treatment of lateral epicondylalgia; however, its long-term analgesic effect is unremarkable. A suitable acupuncture point and depth can be used to treat lateral epicondylalgia. Manual acupuncture applied on lateral epicondylalgia produced stronger evidence of an analgesic effect than did laser acupuncture, and further study on the analgesic effect of laser acupuncture is required.




Adv Biomed Res. 2015 Jan 6;4:8. doi: 10.4103/2277-9175.148290. eCollection 2015.
Determining the effect of laser acupuncture in treating stutterers in comparison with speech therapy.
Shafiei B1, Heshmatipour M2, Tavakol S1, Saghaei M3, Ghayumi Z1.
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Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Investigation of strategies and methods of therapy in stutterers regarding to its characteristics, length of treatment, and relapse of stuttering is very important. Acupuncture has been introduced as a therapeutic method for the treatment of stuttering. The aim of the present research was the identification of the results of intervention of laser acupuncture in comparison with speech therapy in stutterers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This clinical - trial and case control research was conducted on 20 stutterers and 20 non-stutterers. In the present study, speech therapy and laser acupuncture were used on 10 persons who had developmental stuttering from childhood.
RESULTS:
The results were compared with the data of speech therapy and placebo laser in 10 control subjects. All of the subjects were followed up for 12 weeks after the intervention. The obtained data showed that accompanying of speech therapy with laser acupuncture resulted the increasing of maintenance and therapeutic effects of stuttering treatment and decreasing of relapsing. The speech rate and percent of stuttered words before and after the intervention in both groups (A and B) were decreased. Following the results after 12 weeks showed that the results were stable in laser group more than the other group and there was a significant difference between the two groups.
CONCLUSION:
The results of the present study showed that using of laser acupuncture therapy accompanying by speech therapy has many effects on the treatment of stuttering and prevents the relapsing of stuttering that is very common.



Laser Ther. 2015 Mar 31;24(1):53-61. doi: 10.5978/islsm.15-OR-07.
Yellow laser acupuncture - A new option for prevention and early intervention of lifestyle-related diseases: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial in volunteers.
Litscher D1, Wang G2, Gaischek I1, Wang L1, Wallner-Liebmann S3, Petek E4.
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Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:
The yellow laser constitutes a totally new option in the field of laser acupuncture, in addition to the already existing red, near infrared, green and violet lasers. Especially for so called lifestyle-related diseases, this could open up new methods of integrative therapy. The goal of the present study was to investigate among other parameters blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), and temperature effects before, during, and after stimulation of different acupoints with yellow laser.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
We recruited 26 healthy volunteers (13 female, 13 male; mean age ± SD 24.1 ± 3.3 years) at the Medical University of Graz. The acupoints Baihui, Neiguan, Taichong and a placebo point were stimulated with a 589 nm (50 mW, 500 µm; 5 min) yellow laser. Blood pressure was measured noninvasively at the wrist; for the registration of the electrocardiogram a medilog AR12 HRV system was used. Effects on temperature were measured with a Flir i7 infrared camera.
RESULTS:
There were significant decreases after yellow laser acupuncture in the systolic BP, diastolic BP also decreased (n.s.). HRV in both (men and women) increased. The temperature during the yellow laser stimulation decreased significantly in all measured points. After the stimulation it increased again significantly. Based on a questionnaire volunteers reported a significantly decreased level of stress after yellow laser stimulation.
CONCLUSION:
Significant positive effects on BP and well-being were found after yellow laser stimulation. The results are very promising and can be very important especially for the treatment of lifestyle related diseases.


Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:432764. doi: 10.1155/2013/432764. Epub 2013 Jun 3.
Laser Acupuncture: Two Acupoints (Baihui, Neiguan) and Two Modalities of Laser (658 nm, 405 nm) Induce Different Effects in Neurovegetative Parameters.
Litscher G1, Wang L, Wang X, Gaischek I.
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Abstract
There are only few scientific publications dealing with the basic investigation of the effects of only one or two acupoints or comparing one single point with another single point, using different stimulation methods in the same persons. The aim of this needle-controlled, randomized crossover study was to investigate the neurovegetative parameters heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) using two different acupoints, Baihui (GV20) and Neiguan (PC6), in separate sessions. We investigated 11 healthy volunteers (3 m, 8 f) with a mean age ± SD of 22.9 ± 2.8 years. The two acupoints were stimulated for 10 minutes each with manual needle acupuncture, red laser acupuncture (658 nm), and violet laser acupuncture (405 nm), in randomized order. Needle and red laser stimulation of the Baihui acupoint decreased HR significantly. Only violet laser stimulation at the Neiguan acupoint induced a significant increase of total HRV. Further studies using other neurovegetative parameters and more volunteers are necessary to confirm the preliminary results.



Acta Med Indones. 2016 Apr;48(2):114-21.
Pain Reduction After Laser Acupuncture Treatment in Geriatric Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Helianthi DR1, Simadibrata C, Srilestari A, Wahyudi ER, Hidayat R.
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Abstract
AIM:
to compare the effectiveness of active laser acupuncture with placebo on reducing pain intensity and improving functional outcome in geriatric patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).
METHODS:
a double-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted in geriatrics with knee OA at Medical Acupuncture Outpatient Clinic, Integrated Geriatric Outpatient Clinic, Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, during May to October 2015. Sixty two patients with knee OA were randomly assigned into two groups: active laser acupuncture group or placebo laser acupuncture group. Interventions were carried out using a gallium aluminum arsenide laser device at the ST35 Dubi, ST36 Zusanli, SP9 Yinlingquan, GB34 Yanglingquan and EX - LE - 4 Neixiyan acupuncture points on the affected knee for ten sessions of treatment, i.e. twice a week. Patients were assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and Lequesne index at baseline, after four sessions, after nine sessions and at 2 weeks after the treatment had been stopped.
RESULTS:
the VAS scores were significantly improved in the active laser acupuncture group compared to the placebo group. The evaluation of VAS scores was carried out after four treatment sessions (mean difference: 0.39; p<0.001), after nine treatment sessions (mean difference: 37.48; p<0.001) and at 2 weeks post intervention (mean difference: 39.15; p<0.001). The evaluation also showed significant improvement of Lequesne index after four treatment sessions (mean difference: 4.68; p<0.001), after nine treatment sessions (mean difference: 5.90; p<0.001) and at 2 weeks post intervention (mean difference: 6.48; p<0.001).